Usually hypertension is defined as the blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 180/120.
High blood pressure, Popularly know as “the Silent Killer” is the major cause of heart related issues; and this is as a result of a long-term force of blood against the artery walls of an individual.
Blood pressure is determined by both the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries.
Its Called the “Silent Killer” for a reason. And that’s because, You may be hypertensive for many years without any symptoms. But even without symptoms, damage to your blood vessels and your heart continues and can be easily detected though.
But Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.
So What are the Early Symptoms?
Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
A few people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
Causes and Types
Basically, There are two types of high blood pressure.
1. Primary hypertension and
2. Secondary hypertension.
1. This type of high blood pressure, called primary hypertension, tends to develop on it own gradually over many years due to age.
2. If the primary hypertension is not detected early, it gives birth to the secondary hypertension which is more dangerous and can give way to many other underlying conditions that’s associated with age such as: obstruction to sleep, kidney problems, tumors, etc
How do one become Hypertensive over time?
1) Age factor. Its associated with old age and usually between 35 & 64 years.
2) High blood pressure is high and common among Africans.
3) It runs in Some Family lineage
4) Overweight or obesity
5) Excessive consumption of Salt (sodium)
6) Smoking habit (tobacco)
7) Lack of Physical Exercise and stress
8) Lack of Potassium in the body
9) Drinking habit (alcohol)
10) Some pregnancy too in women
Although high blood pressure is most common in adults men than women, children may be at risk, too. For some children, high blood pressure is caused by problems with the kidneys or heart. But for a growing number of kids, poor lifestyle habits, such as an unhealthy diet, obesity and lack of exercise, contributes to their high blood pressure.
What are the Solutions?
First thing to do is to seek for medical attention or advice from a well trained medical practitioner in a well equipped hospital. Remember, self medication equals to quick death. Always go for Medical checkup especially when symptoms persist. Never you ignore the symptoms.