Reading is very great when you read and then understand what you’ve read. But it even greater when you can read and still remember what you’ve read whenever you need the information.
As we read, we store information in our brain. The brain is like a storage device which we download files into to be stored.
For you to read and not forget you must understand how the brain works.
The human brain is divided into 3 parts; Sensory Memory SM, Short term Memory STM and Long Term Memory LTM.
The Sensory Memory SM: This is the part of the brain’s storage that stores information for a very short period. It helps you to recall emergency sightings. Information you got by a sense organ at a particular time is stored here. This means that the information comes urgently and unexpectedly. For example, you are in a car traveling and your eye just saw a crowd of people fighting. That information is stored in your SM . It doesn’t stay for long except it is been transferred to the long term memory, you will forget.
The Short Term Memory STM: This is the academic memory used when a particular lesson or exam is being engaged in. When you take a lesson or you read a book, the information is stored in the STM. You can recall them for some hours, days or week. This is where must persons store information that’s why you will wonder that I know this thing before but I can’t recall it anymore. That’s because it was stored in the STM.
The Long Term Memory LTM: The LTM is the memory where information is been stored and can be remembered after a very long time. This is the memory that can help you recall what was taught, read, seen or told after a long period of time.
For you to store information on your LTM, here is what you must do.
1. Meditate on the information.
2. Memorize the information
3. Use Mnemonics: this is a system such as a pattern of letters, ideas, or associations which assists in remembering something.
Below are some Mnemonics:
Rhymes/Songs : This method is used on kids. That’s why you see children remember what they were taught after a long time. You can try it.
Acronyms: Use abbreviations to help you shorten long things and remember it easily. For example, a student who want to recall his rainbow colours can abbreviate it as ROYGBIV; Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet. Isn’t it that simple?
Acrostics: using sentence to remember things. For example, a student who wants to recall his first twenty elements can do something like,
Hello Helen, listen Baby, before coming…..
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon……
Chunking Method: This is breaking it into parts.
Now that you’ve gotten the concept of our your brain works, see how to study.
1. You must know when to read: many people find it difficult to read because they try to copy others method. Know when it is convenient for you to read; either in the early morning, night, midday….
2. Where to read: this has to do with the right environment to be when reading. Everyone has a favourable environment, so you must know yours. Some prefer, a quiet place, some prefer a noisy place, some hot, some cool. Just know which is best for you and stop following your friend to do his style.
3. What to Read: always know what to Read at a particular time. Some persons can be studying maths in the day but will prefer reading English. Just know what interest you to read at the moment.
To have an effective study, freshing up before you start reading. It will make your reading great.